Cite this article as:

Yartsev V. V., Kuranova V. N., Absalyamova E. N. Male Reproductive Cycle in a Population of the Common Lizard Zootoca vivipara (Squamata, Lacertidae) from Southeast of Western Siberia. Current Studies in Herpetology, 2019, vol. 19, iss. , pp. 56-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1814-6090-2019-19-1-2-56-67


Heading: 
UDC: 
[591.526+591.463]:598.113.6

Male Reproductive Cycle in a Population of the Common Lizard Zootoca vivipara (Squamata, Lacertidae) from Southeast of Western Siberia

Abstract

Widely distributed reptile species are characterized by reproductive plasticity, which may also appear as variations of the reproductive cycles. To understand the specificity of the male reproductive cycle of Zootoca vivipara in the Asian part of its range, males from the Tomsk population (the southeast of the Western Siberia) caught from April till July 2017 were studied (n = 27). The dynamics of gonadosomatic index (GSI), body fat index (BFI), germinal epithelium area (GEA), testosterone concentration (TC) in the serum, ratio of spermatogenic cell count, and the presence of spermatozoa in epididymis were analyzed. Also, the age of males was evaluated via skeletochronology. Many spermatocytes were found in males after their emerging from winter burrows (late April) in the testes. Since this time till early May, GSI, FBI, GEA, and TC increased. At this time, the greatest pull of spermatids occurred in the testes. During the breeding period (May – early June), GSI, FBI, GEA, and TC sharply decreased, and spermatozoa occurred in both testes and epididymis. In mid-June, a new spermatogenic cycle began (spermatogonial proliferation). Since this time till July, GSI, FBI, and GEA increased again along with the increased number of spermatocytes. The total spermatogenic cycle in the studied population was 12 months, but it was characterized by a short mating period and the related spermatogenic processes in comparison with the European populations.

References

Ananjeva N. B., Orlov N. L., Khalikov R. G., Da-revsky I. S., Ryabov S. A., Barabanov A. V. Colored Atlas of the Reptiles of the North Eurasia (Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status). Saint Petersburg, Zoological Institute of RAS Publ., 2004. 232 p. (in Russian).
Klevezal G. A., Smirina E. M. Recording struc-tures of terrestrial vertebrates. Brief history and current state of research. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 2016, vol. 95, no. 8, pp. 872–896 (in Russian).
Kuranova V. N., Yartsev V. V. Some aspects of reproductive biology of the common lizard, Zootoca vivipara (Squmata, Lacertidae). The Problems of Herpetology. Мinsk, Pravo i ekonomika Publ., 2012, pp. 142–149 (in Russian).
Orlova V. F., Kuranova V. N., Bulakhova N. A. Reproduction of the viviparous lizard Zootoca vivipara (Jacquin, 1787) in the eastern part of its area. Tomsk State University J., Application, 2003, no. 8, pp. 150−158 (in Russian).
Pikulik M. M., Baharev V. A., Kosov S. V. Presmykayushchiyesya Belorussii [The Reptiles of Belarus]. Minsk, Nauka i Tehnika Publ., 1988. 165 р. (in Russian).
Roitberg E. S., Kuranova V. N., Bulakhova N. A., Orlova V. F., Eplanova G. V., Shamgunova R. R., Hofmann S., Zinenko O. I., Yakovlev V. A. Geographic variation in reproductive traits and female body site the common licard Zootoca vivipara: testing evolutionary hy-potheses. In: The Problems of Herpetology. Мinsk, Pravo i ekonomika Publ., 2012, pp. 142–149 (in Russian).
Roitberg E. S., Orlova V. F., Kuranova V. N., Bulakhova N. A., Eplanova G. V., Zinenko O. I., Arribas O., Hofmann S., Ljubisavljević K., Shamgunova R. R., Fokt M., Kratochvíl L., Starikov V. P., Strijbosch H., Clasen A., Yakovlev V. A., Tarasov I. G., Leontyeva O. A., Böhme W. Variation in adult body length and sexual site dimorphism in the European common lizard, Zootoca vivipara: testing the effects of lineage and climate. Principy ekologii, 2016, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 139 (in Russian).
Romeys B. Microscopic technic. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo inostrannoj literatury, 1953. 718 p. (in Russian).
Smirina E. M. Prospects for determining the age of reptiles by layers in the bone. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 1974, vol. 53, iss.1, pp. 111–116 (in Russian).
Smirina E. M. Metodika opredeleniya vozrasta amfibiy i reptiliy po sloyam v kosti [Methods for determining the age of amphibians and reptiles by layers in bone]. In: Guidelines for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Kiev, 1989, pp. 144–153 (in Russian). 
Shamgunova R. R., Starikov V. P. Some aspect of demography and reproduction of common lizard (Zootoca vivipara) in northern taiga of Western Siberia. In: The Problems of Herpetology. Saint Petersburg, Russkaya kollekciya Publ., 2011, pp. 308–311 (in Russian).
Epova L. A., Kuranova V. N., Yartsev V. V., Absalyamova E. N. Age, body sizes and growth of Zootoca vivipara (Sauria: Lacertidae) from its mountain populations in the Kuznetsk Alatau (Southeast of the Western Siberia). Current Studies in Herpetology, 2016, vol. 16, no. 1–2, pp. 51–60 (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1814-6090-2016-16-1-2-51-60
Amat F., Llorente G., Carretero M. A. Reproductive cycle of the sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) in its southwestern range. Amphibia – Reptilia, 2000, vol. 21, pp. 463–476.
Andrews R. M., Mathies T. Natural history of reptilian development: constraints on the evolution of viviparity. BioScience, 2000, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 227–238. 
Arslan M., Lobo J., Zaidi A. A., Jalali S, Qazi M. H. Annual androgen rhythm in the Spiny-Tailed lizard, Uromastyx hardwicki. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 1978, vol. 36, pp. 16–22.
Blackburn D. G. Reptilian viviparity: past research, future directions, and appropriate models. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, 2000, vol. 127, pp. 391–409.
Carretero M. A. Reproductive cycle in Mediterranean lacertids: plasticity and constraints. In: C. Corti, P. Lo Cascio, M. Biaggini, eds. Mainland and insular lacertid lizards: a mediterranean perspective. Italy, Firenze University Press, 2006, pp. 33–54.
Castanet J. Les marques de croissance osseuse comme indicateur de l’age chez les lézards. Acta Zoologica, 1978, vol. 59, pp. 35–48.
Castanet J. Recherches sur la croissance du tissu osseux des Reptiles. Application: la méthode squeletto-chronologique. Bulletin de la Société Herpétologique de France, 1983, no. 26, pp. 50–54.
Castanet J. Age estimation and longevity in Reptiles. Gerontology, 1994, vol. 40, pp. 174–192. 
Castilla A. M., Bauwens D. Reproductive and fat body cycles of the lizard, Lacerta lepida, in Central Spain. J. of Herpetology, 1990, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 261–266. 
Climate-Data.org. Les données climatiques pour les villes du monde entire. AM Online Projects – Alexander Merkel. Oedheim. Available at: https://fr.climate-data.org/ (accessed 1 August 2018).
Courtens J. L., Depeiges A. Spermiogenesis of Lacerta vivipara. J. of Ultrastructure Research, 1985, vol. 90, iss. 2, pp. 203–220.
Courty Y., Dufaure J. P. Levels of testosterone in the plasma and testis of the viviparous lizard (Lacerta vivipara Jacquin) during the annual cycle. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 1979, vol. 39, pp. 336–342.
Courty Y., Dufaure J. P. Levels of testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and androstenedione in the plasma and testis of a lizard (Lacerta vivipara Jacquin) during the annual cycle. General and Comparative Endocrinol-ogy, 1980, vol. 42, pp. 325–333.
Courty Y., Dufaure J. P. Circannual testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and androstanediols in plasma and testis of Lacerta vivipara, a seasonally breeding viviparous lizard. Steroids, 1982, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 517–529.
Dely O. G., Bőhme W. Lacerta vivipara Jacquin 1787 – Waldeidechse. In: W. Bőhme, ed. Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Bd. 2/1, Echsen II. Lacertidae II. Wiesbaden, Aula-Verlag, 1984, pp. 362–393.
Exbrayat J. M. Classical  methods  of visualization. In: J. M. Exbrayat, еd.  Histochemical  and  Cytochemical Methods of Visualization. Boca Raton, London, New York, CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, 2013, pp. 3–58.
Gavaud J. Role of cryophase temperature and thermophase duration in thermoperiodic regulation of the testicular cycle in the lizard Lacerta vivipara. J. of Experimental Zoology, 1991, vol. 260, pp. 239–246.
Gribbins K. Reptilian spermatogenesis. Spermatogenesis, 2011, vol. 1, iss. 3, pp. 250–269.
Hasumi M., Watanabe Y. G. An efficient method for skeletochronology. Herpetological Review, 2007, vol. 38, iss. 4, pp. 404–406.
Heulin B. Maturite sexuelle et age a la premiere reproduction dans une population de plaine de Lacerta vivipara. Canadian J. of Zoology, 1985, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 1773–1777. 
Horvátová T., Baláž М., Jandzik D. Reproduction and morphology of the common lizard (Zootoca vivipara) from montane population in Slovakia. Zoological Science, 2013, vol. 30, iss. 2, pp. 92–98.
Joly J., Saint-Girons H. Influence of temperature on the rate of spermatogenesis, duration of spermatogenetic activity and development of secondary sex characteristics in the wall-lizard, Lacerta muralis L. (Reptilia, Lacertidae). Archives d'Anatomie Microscopique et de Morphologie Expérimentale, 1975, vol. 64, iss. 4, pp. 317–336.
Kuranova V. N., Patrakov S.V., Bulachova N. A., Krechetova O. A. The study of the ecological niche segregation for sympatric species of lizards – Lacerta agilis and Zootoca vivipara. Russian J. of Herpetology, 2005, Suppl. 12, pp. 171–175.
Love S. M., Morris P., McCrae M., Collins R. Life history aspect of 19 rockfish species (Scorpaenidae: Sebastes) from the Southern California Bright. NOAA Technical Report NMFS, 1990, vol. 87. 38 p.
Mayhew W., Wright S. Seasonal change in testicular histology of tree species of the lizard genus Uma. J. of Morphology, 1970, vol. 130, iss. 2, pp. 163–185.
Rodríguez-Díaz T., Braña F. Altitudinal variation in egg retention and rates of embryonic development in oviparous Zootoca vivipara fits predictions from the cold-climate model on the evolution of viviparity. J. of Evolutionary Biology, 2012, vol. 25, pp. 1877–1887.
Roig J. M., Carretero M. A., Llorente G. A. Reproductive cycle in a Pyrenean oviparous population of the common lizard (Zootoca vivipara). Netherlands J. of Zoology, 2000, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 15–27.
Roitberg E. S., Kuranova V. N., Bulakhova N. A., Orlova V. F., Eplanova G. V., Zinenko O. I., Shamgunova R. R., Hofmann S., Yakovlev V. A. Variation of reproductive traits and female body size in the most widely-ranging terrestrial reptile: testing the effects of reproductive mode, lineage, and climate. Evolutionary Biology, 2013,vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 420–438.
Saint-Girons H. Les cycles sexuels des lezards mâles et leurs rapports avec le climat et les cycles reproducteur des famelles. Annales des Sciences Naturelle, 1984, no. 6, pp. 221–243.
Surget-Groba Y., Heulin B., Guillaume C.-P., Thorpe R. S., Kupriyanova L., Vogrin N., Maslak R., Mazzotti S., Venczel M., Ghira I., Odierna G., Leontyeva O., Monney J. C., Smith N. Intraspecific phylogeography of Lacerta vivipara and the evolution of viviparity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2001, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 449–459.
Thiesmeier B. Die Waldeidechse – ein Modellorganismus mit zwei Fortpflanzungswegen. Bielefeld, Laurenti-Verlag, 2013. 160 S.
Tokarz R. R., McMann S., Seitz L., John-Alder H. Plasma corticosterone and testosterone levels during the annual reproductive cycle of male Brown Anoles (Anolis sagrei). Physiological Zoology, 1998, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 139–146.
Trauth S. E. Testicular Cycle and Timing of Reproduction in the Collared Lizard (Crotaphytus collaris) in Arkansas. Herpetologica, 1979, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 184–192.
Voipio P. Variation of the head-shield pattern in Lacerta vivipara Jacq. Annales. Zool. Fennici., 1968, vol. 5, pp. 315–323.
Weil M., Aldridge R. The effect of temperature on the male reproductive system of the common water snake (Nerodia sipedon). J. of Experimental Zoology, 1979, vol. 210, iss. 2, pp. 327–332. 
Yartsev V. V., Kuranova V. N. Seasonal dynamics of male and female reproductive systems in the Siberian salamander, Salamandrella keyserlingii (Caudata, Hynobiidae). Asian Herpetological Research, 2015, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 169–183.

Short text (in English): 
Full text (in Russian): 
Номер страницы (по): 
67.00